A Personal Aside
Note: I choose to avoid person first language at the direct request of autistic individuals with whom I interact in real life as well as on the internet. I choose to err on the side of referring to autistics in the way they tell me to rather than follow a political convention.
Today I had to apply the CPS model, described here, with two autistic students. Both of these students have demonstrated major behavioral issues this school year and were even worse today, the first day back from a 10-day spring break.
The TL;DR of this post is that communicating with autistic kids is the best way to help them solve their own problems, rather than trying to impose solutions upon them.
How I approach working with autistics
Based on my life experiences with my twin brother, Kyle, I have learned to never underestimate an autistic. In fact, I often favor assuming autistics have a much greater ability than what is immediately apparent. I also wholeheartedly believe that the basic human need for compassion, understanding, and communication is stronger in autistics than any of us realize.
That being the case, I approach any behavioral issue with an autistic student as I would approach an issue with myself at that age. They either lack the ability to communicate what they need or what they lack in a way that the rest of us understand, or else they are feeling some emotional state that needs a resolution–again lacking the communication skills to access their needs. These two options apply both to Kyle and myself, so I go with it as a rough guide.
When I see a student misbehaving–one student today was trying to hurt others and to cause chaos in the classroom and the other student was running out of the classroom–I approach them for a conversation. I do this paying no regard to the student’s communication skills. I consider it my job to understand what they are communicating, not their job to make me understand.
I will call this student Erin. I walked into a classroom and this student was peeling the name cards off the tables in the classroom. They then ran across the room and punched two students, and ran behind the teacher’s desk. I went over to Erin and got on their level. I asked them what they needed in order to work.
Erin said, “Toys”.
“Toys?” I said. ‘Tell me, what does [Erin] need to do to get toys”
Erin: “[Erin] needs to work first, then toys. Work first, then toys. [Erin] needs toys to work.”
DH (me): “So [Erin] needs toys to work. Do you need to see toys to earn? What do you mean? How can I help you? What do I need to do to help you work?” (I know this is too many questions, but they are rephrases of the same questions, I was hoping Erin would answer one of them).
E: “[Teacher] erased my board. [Teacher] broke the rules. No toys. No toys. No work for 5 minutes. No first work then toys. No!” (At this point Erin sprinted across the room and tipped a chair with a student still sitting in it while staring at the teacher).
DH: “[Erin], do you need to come talk to Dr. H in private?”
E: “Yes, now please [gives name of teacher’s room to go to] please.”
DH: “Okay, talk”
E: “Dr. H please work first then toys. Work first then toys. Work then toys. Work 5 minutes and then toys 2 minutes. [Erin] control the timer. Work first then toys. Please now.”
DH: “How do I do this. How can I help [Erin] do this?”
E: “Big marker and white board” (they brought me a sharpie and a whiteboard.) “No erase. Never”
DH: “[Erin] wants me to write words on the board?” (I wrote “First work 5 minutes, THEN 2 minutes toys” on the board).
E: (gives me a hug) “[Erin] will say sorry and do work for toys.”
Erin then proceeded to walk back to class silently, gave a personal apology to each teacher and student they had wronged, and asked a teacher to give them work so they could work for toys.
Importantly here, I did not give Erin any solutions. I did not tell them what to do, how to do it, and I certainly did not tell Erin to apologize to the peers and teachers that had been harmed during the incident in class. Erin had a solution in their mind already, but I was the only one willing to ask what they wanted and wait until they were able to formulate an answer I could act upon. The moment I helped Erin achieve their solution, they ran with it and did not require further adult help.
I will call this student Bryan. Bryan had a substitute teacher in their class. That being the case, Bryan ran out of class three times and refused to come in from recess. I was not involved in these incidents. I came in later.
The incident I dealt with was when Bryan ran out of music class. One of my students from last year found this student running down the hall and engaged them in a game. He then yelled down the hall to get my attention.
When I got there I let my old student go back to class. I sat down on a bench and looked at Bryan who was 10 feet away from me hiding behind a pillar.
DH: “[Bryan], can you come over here on the bench and have a chat with me?”
B: “F*ck no, you will grab me”
DH: “What if I sit on my hands?”
B: “Prove it”
DH: “Okay” (I made a show of standing up and putting my hands entirely under my legs and sat down)
B: “I am coming out!” (he walked VERY slowly until he was just out of arm’s reach of me) “What do you want”
DH: “I want to help you get back to class. Running out is unsafe and I cannot let that happen” (I don’t lie to kids, they see right through me. So I level with them, it has worked thus far).
DH: “I want [Bryan] to be safe and happy so he can go back to class. What does [Bryan] need, what does he want?”
B: “[Bryan] wants to be on his bed in his room playing Roblox on his laptop.”
DH: “Wait, what? This is about home?”
B: “Yes. Dad said I was naughty boy. He closed my laptop. He locked it in cupboard up too high for me”
DH: “So, dad said [Bryan] was naughty and took away the laptop so no Roblox”
B: “Yes. Mad. Angry.”
DH: “What does [Bryan] need to be able to go to class”
DH: “Not an option”
B: “How can get Roblox back on laptop?”
DH: “Can you ask your dad how to earn it back? If he took it, then he thought you did something bad, maybe being good will help you get it back”
B: “Ask dad? Why? Dad closed laptop. Took roblox. Dad hates [Bryan]”
DH: “Dads do things that make them look like they are mean and hate kids, but it is because they love us and want to help us do good things. They take things so we learn to stop being naughty”
B: “No hate?”
B: “Good at school help laptop?”
DH: “Couldn’t hurt”
B: “OK. Hate class. Want games.”
DH: “I get that. But if you do not go to class can the teacher tell dad [Bryan] was good at school?”
B: “I go to class. Now. Hurry”
I then followed as Bryan slowly walked to class. He asked a number of questions about why parents are “assholes” and why they don’t understand his needs. I corrected the language since now we were not in problem solving mode and it was a teaching moment to teach expected vs. unexpected language in school.
He went to class and got his good report.
Why did it work
The standard adult tells student what to do model is less useful. It is because of this there are students that will punch their peers and say, “sorry” and assume all is well. They also develop a dependency on adults to solve their problems. They become powerless. They have no accountability. They have permission to misbehave so long as it is a new way of misbehaving. It is a vicious cycle I have seen over and over.
That was not what happened today.
I think today was illustrative because I worked with two students that have relatively low verbal language skills and underdeveloped coping skills. Both students were able to communicate in their own way the solution to their problem and engage with the solution. I did not spoon feed them. I just used a modified Rogerian psychology trick of restating what they just said as a question to keep them communicating. They did the work. They got their own needs met. They were empowered. They learned. They were accountable for their own solutions.
In short, by helping autistic students communicate to get their own needs met, they grew. They grew as students. They grew in character. They grew up a little. They grew as people. And that is my goal as a special educator. To build character and prepare autistic kids for the real world. Today I feel I helped, if only a little bit.